August Month International News 2018

International News/Events in August 2018:

1. United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) has approved Aurobindo Pharma Limited for the manufacturing and marketing of Bivalirudin injection with the strength of 250 mg/vial.

2. USA President Donald Trump decided to grant India the STA-1 (Strategic Trade Authorization) status equivalent to American allies for procurement of military weapons.

3. The 2 plus 2 Dialogue between India and USA scheduled in September 2018.

4. The United States Congress has passed the National Defense Authorisation Act-2019 (NDAA-19) which capped its security-related aid to Pakistan to $150 million.

5. France’s Parliament has signed into law a controversial asylum and immigration bill. The bill is designed to accelerate asylum procedures by cutting the maximum processing time from the current 120 days to 90 days after entering France.

6. Zydus Cadila Pharmaceutical received its approval from the United States Food & Drug Administration (USFDA) to manufacture and market its antibacterial drug Azithromycin for Oral Suspension USP. The drug is used to treat bacterial infections.

7. Vietnam’s Cau Van which means “Golden Bridge” in Vietnamese, has just opened in the Ba Na Hills near the city of Da Nang and is 150 metres long and 1,400 metres above sea level.

8. Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan has to be invited Bollywood star Aamir Khan and former cricketers Sunil Gavaskar, Kapil Dev and Navjot Singh Sidhu to his oath-taking ceremony on August 11.

9. INS Sahyadri entered the Port of Darwin, Australia to participate in Exercise KAKADU 2018.

10. Google announced Project Navlekha at its 4th edition of Google for India Event held in New Delhi. Project Navlekha has been launched to enable Indian publishers of regional languages to publish their content online, without facing the trouble of selling printed copies.

11. Google plans to introduce technology and product experiences which are locally relevant to users in India in vernacular languages.

12. Alphabet Inc’s Google has partnered with four Indian banks to grant consumer loans online, as the fight for a $1 trillion digital finance market intensifies. The U.S. search giant has teamed with HDFC Bank Ltd., ICICI Bank Ltd., Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. and Federal Bank Ltd. to offer instant, pre-approved loans to customers.

13. Pakistan government has banned the VIP protocol given by Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) to influential people at airports. The VIP protocol was given to politicians, legislators, senior bureaucrats, judges, military officials and journalists.

14. Scotland has become the world’s first country to provide free sanitary products to all students in a bid to tackle “period poverty”.

15. Misa Matsushima (26-year-old) became the first Woman Fighter Pilot in Japan.

16. Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Peace Mission 2018, the latest in ‘Peace Mission’ series formally started at Chebarkul, Russia. All the 8 member nations will participate in this exercise.

17. Volkswagen is to launch an all-electric car sharing service in Berlin. It is to serve a business serving people in big cities who don’t own cars. The company planned to expand its “We Share project to big cities” in Europe and North America by 2020.

18. The European Union announced an offer of € 190,000 (Rs. 1.53 crore) in aid funding to the Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS). It is to provide immediate relief to flood-affected people in Kerala. The announcement was made by the office of the grouping that comprised 28 European countries.

19. According to the Forbes, List of World’s Highest-Paid Actors 2018 are: Name of the Actors Salary
1 George Clooney $239m
2 Dwayne Johnson $124m
3 Robert Downey J $81m.

20. According to Routesonline, global airlines events organizer, Tokyo’s Haneda Airport is the world’s fastest growing airport. Kempegowda International second fastest growing Airport in the world. New Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport is placed sixth.

21. Iran unveiled its first domestic fighter jet named ‘KOWSAR’ with President Hassan Rouhani. The new “Kowsar” is a fourth-generation fighter shown at the National Defence Industry exhibition in Tehran.

22. According to the Forbes, List of Highest Paid Female Athletes 2018 are: Female Athletes Salary
1 Serena Williams $18.1 million
2 Dane Caroline Wozniacki $13 million
3 Sloane Stephens $11.2 million

23. The first-ever joint air exercise involving the Indian Air Force (IAF) and the Royal Malaysian Air Force (RMAF) commenced at Subang Air Base in Malaysia.

24. The Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that Taliban plans to take part in Afghanistan peace talks which will be held in Moscow on September 4.

25. Lupin is a major Drug firm has launched its Clobetasol Propionate cream. It started its sales and marketing in the US.

26. India and Japan decided to expand their maritime cooperation and work together to ensure peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific region.

27. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj inaugurated ‘Panini Language Laboratory’ at Mahatma Gandhi Institute (MGI) at Port Louis in Mauritius.

28. The United States government has awarded the Legion of Merit (Degree of Commander) to General Dalbir Singh Suhag (Retired), of the Indian Army, for exceptionally meritorious service as chief of the Army staff, Indian Army. The award was presented to General Suhag at Pentagon, Washington DC.

29. Former United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan has passed away at the age of 80. Annan, who was the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations, served at the UN from 1997 to 2006.

30. Saudi Arabia successfully tested nap-pods. The nap-pods will be provided free of cost. The free nap pods will be rolled out in Saudi Arabia as a measure to modernise the centuries-old practice of Hajj. It aims at providing a place to rest for the pilgrims who cannot afford to book hotels on site during Hajj.

31. Scarlett Johansson is the highest paid actress in the world.

Top 3 highest paid actress in the world are:

1. Scarlett Johansson
2. Angelina Jolie
3. Jennifer Aniston.

32. The US secretary of state, Mike Pompeo announced the formation of the Iran Action Group (IAG) to coordinate and run the country’s policy towards Iran.

33. Qatar King Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani has pledged to make direct investment in Turkey and announced a 15-billion US dollar investment into the country’s financial markets and banks.

34. British Police have returned a 12th-century bronze Buddha statue which was stolen from Bihar in 1961 to the Indian High Commission in London. The statue along with 13 other statues were stolen 57 years ago from the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) site museum in Nalanda.

35. BBC History Magazine conducted a reader’s poll of 100 women who changed the world.

Top 3 from the BBC History Magazine’s “100 Women Who Changed The World”:

1. Marie Curie.
2. Rosa Parks.
3. Emmeline Pankhurst.

36. According to the Inter­national Monetary Fund (IMF), Macau in China would overtake oil-rich Qatar with the highest per-capita gross domestic product of any country or jurisdiction on earth, by 2020.

37. Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) initiatives, SCO Peace Mission Exercise is conducted biennially for SCO member states. The joint exercise for the year 2018 will be conducted by Central Military Commission of Russia from 22 August to 29 August 2018 at Chebarkul, Chelyabinsk, Russia.

38. Taiwan’s Wistron, a contract manufacturer of Apple iPhones in India, has plans to invest Rs.1,150 crore in Karnataka.

39. Rashida Tlaib is set to become the first Muslim woman elected in US Congress. She won the Democratic primary election in the US state of Michigan.

40. An eighth-century stone sculpture of Goddess Durga and from the third-century Limestone Sculpture ‘Head of a Male Deity’ will be returned to India by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the largest museum in the US. The stone sculpture of Durga Mahishasuramardini was donated to the museum in 2015. The limestone sculpture ‘Head of a Male Deity’ was donated to the museum in 1986.

41. IKEA, Swedish home furnishings major, opened its first store in Hyderabad. It will be opening its other branches in Mumbai, Bengaluru and New Delhi.

42. The Japanese city of Hiroshima has marked the 73rd anniversary of the atomic bombing by the US Air Force that took place during the last days of the Second World War. During the ceremony in the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park, the country’s prime minister, Shinzo Abe, held a speech assuring that Japan, as the only country that has experienced an atomic bombing, will champion the reduction of nuclear weapons in the world.

43. Saudi Arabia has announced that it is freezing all new trade and investment with Canada over its interference in its internal affairs.

44. Pacific Endeavor-2018, a communication exercise under the Multinational Communications Interoperability Program (MCIP) started in Kathmandu, Nepal. The basic objective of 12 day exercise is to develop common communications operating procedures to enable military forces in the Asia Pacific region to collectively work in the wake of the disaster.

45. The UK Government has announced new plans to change the law for organ and tissue donation to address the urgent need for organs within the Indian-origin communities in the country.

47. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj met Kyrgyzstan Foreign Minister Erlan Abdyldaev discussed possible areas of collaboration and the areas discussed during the bilateral meeting includes political and parliamentary exchanges, defense and security, science and technology, economic, health and tourism

48. Zimbabwe President Emmerson Mnangagwa won the country’s landmark election in Zimbabwe.

49. Chinese researchers create worlds first single-chromosome yeast. The researchers involved in the creation are molecular biologists from the Centre for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences in China. The research was published on the website of the journal – Nature.

50. The USA has the world’s largest stock market at just over $31 trillion.

Top 3 World’s Largest Stock Market: Country Value
1 USA $31 trillion
2 Japan $6.17 trillion
3 China $6.09 trillion

51. Apple Inc. became the first US-based company with a market value of $1 trillion.

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