April Month International News 2018

International News/Events in April 2018:

1. Google is shutting down its URL Shortener service goo.gl, which was unveiled in 2009. The support for goo.gl will be turned down over the coming weeks and will be replaced with Firebase Dynamic Links (FDL).

2. The USA and South Korea began their joint military training exercise named ‘Foal Eagle’. More than 11,500 U.S. troops and nearly 300,000 South Korean forces will take part in the four-week exercises.

3. The Turkish Atomic Energy Authority (TAEK) got a construction license for Akkuyu NPP. Turkey’s first nuclear power plant which is being built in Mersin province, in southern Turkey.

External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj has begun her three-day visit to Azerbaijan to participate in the Mid-Term Ministerial Meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in Baku.

4. Qatar has introduced National Service for Women for the first time as per a law issued by Qatar’s Emir Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani.

5. Pakistan’s largest television network Geo News says it has been forced off the air by cable operators in most parts of the country. The network’s channel assignment on the cable distribution network has also been lowered.

6. According to the 12th biannual Twitter transparency report, it removed 1.2 million accounts for promoting terrorism since August 2015.

7. United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Malaysia concluded joint military exercise “Desert Tiger 5” in Dubai, UAE.

8. China to promote greater collaboration between Singapore and Chinese companies in third-party markets along the Belt and Road.

9. Viktor Orban won the third consecutive term as Hungarian Prime Minister.

10. Vice Foreign Minister of Vietnam, Dang Dinh Quy met Union External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj in New Delhi and held discussions on India-Vietnam comprehensive strategic partnership and on ways to further boost ties.

11. Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has decided to scrap the quota system in government services after thousands of students marched across the country in protest against a controversial policy of setting aside jobs for special groups.

12. The Cabinet of United Arab Emirates (UAE) has approved the issuance of law on Equal Wages and Salaries for men and women. The new law will ensure equal pay for men and women working in the country.

13. The World’s first long-distance electric bus line started service in Paris, France.

14. The United Nations took a major step to address the tragedy of road accidents by launching the UN Road Safety Trust Fund to spur action that could save lives and prevent the loss of opportunity associated with road accidents.

15. India has won an election to a crucial non-governmental organization committee in the United Nations. The election held by the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations in the Asia Pacific States category.

16. Fourteen new sites have been designated as Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS).

These systems highlight agricultural traditions that promote sustainability, safeguard biodiversity and protect the environment while supporting the social and economic development necessary for stable, decent livelihoods.

17. China proposed an India-Nepal-China economic corridor with multi-dimensional connectivity through the Himalayas.

18. Former US first lady Barbara Bush passed away at the age of 92. She was the first lady of the USA from 1989 to 1993.

19. Karan Johar has become the first-ever Bollywood filmmaker to get a place at the famous Madame Tussauds.

20. Swaziland’s King Mswati III, Africa’s last absolute monarch, officially changed the name of his country to the “Kingdom of eSwatini”.

21. Prince of Wales will succeed the Queen Elizabeth II as head of the Commonwealth, its leaders have announced.

22. The Commonwealth countries have unanimously agreed to take action on cybersecurity by 2020. In a landmark declaration at the end of Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in London.

23. Bolivian Foreign Minister Fernando Huanacuni has announced that Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay and Peru had decided to temporarily leave the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR).

24. Iran banned the use of bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies by its banks and financial institutions.

25. Canada and the European Union will host the World’s first 2-Day Female Foreign Ministers Meeting in September 2018 in Canada. This was announced by the Canadian Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland.

26. Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) have suspended their memberships amid differences over who should lead the group. Six countries that have suspended their membership from UNASUR are Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay and Peru.

27. Prime Minister Narendra Modi left on a three-day visit to China. Mr. Modi will hold talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping during an informal summit in Wuhan city.

28. Mario Abdo Benitez won the presidential election conducted in Paraguay. He belongs to the ruling Colorado Party. He had secured 46.5% of the votes, with 96% of 21,000.Mario Abdo Benitez’s 5-year term begins on 15th August 2018.

29. According to the 2018 World Press Freedom Index compiled by Reporters Without Borders (RSF), India has ranked 138th (falling 2 positions down from 136th in 2017). The list has been topped by Norway. North Korea was at the bottom-most position (180th) in the list.

The Top 3 countries in World Press Freedom Index Report are:

1. Norway,
2. Sweden,
3. The Netherlands.

30. Technology giant Microsoft India has been declared the most attractive employer brand, followed by e-commerce giant Amazon India. The winners were named by HR service provider Randstad’s Employer Brand Research (REBR) 2018.

31. Mike Pompeo was sworn in as the secretary of state, shortly after the Senate confirmed the former CIA director’s nomination as America’s top diplomat at a crucial time when the US is involved in several high stakes negotiations around the world.

32. Supreme Court justice Samuel Alito administered the oath to Pompeo in the West Conference Room of the Supreme Court. He replaced Rex Tillerson.

33. The leaders of North and South Korea agreed to pursue a permanent peace and the complete denuclearization of the divided peninsula, as they embraced after a historic summit laden with symbolism.

Kim Jong-un, the leader of North Korea and Moon Jae-in, the leader of South Korea also agreed to end hostile activities between the two nations, change the demilitarised zone (DMZ) that divides the country into a “peace zone” by ceasing propaganda broadcasts.

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